Rivers, Seas and Oceans
Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)
Portugal has a resident population of Bottlenose Dolphin at Sado’s Estuary, south of Lisbon. This community is unique in Portugal and only a similar population exists in Europe. Presently the population faces several environmental threats that may distress this small and old population.

Aware of this situation Lisbon Zoo has collaborated with the Portuguese Authority of Sado Estuary Natural Reserve (ICNF-RNES) to implement an «Action Plan for the safeguard and monitoring Bottlenose Dolphins population of Sado’s Estuary».

This action plan brought together a multiplicity of stakeholders, including representatives from regional governance, fishing association, tourism agency, dolphin watching operators, local NGOs and the National maritime authority.

Implemented in 2009 with a frame time of five years, and subsequent reviews and up-to-dates, 101 actions were identified for these main objectives:
1) To improve the conservation status of the bottlenose dolphin population;
2) To monitor the environmental quality of its habitat and;
3) To alert the public opinion and the local stakeholders for the urgent need to improve the estuary’s environmental quality.
 
Lisbon Zoo has developed awareness of Sado’s dolphins with actions at local community and educational programs for zoo visitors and launch several national press releases. Whenever need it gives technical support for Bottlenose Dolphin’s stranding events.

The disappearance of the Sado’s Bottlenose Dolphins constitutes a loss for the Portuguese biodiversity and a significant impact on the local ecosystem.

The action plan was adopted as National Regulation Order No. 21997/2009 and is included in the Portuguese National Strategy for the Conservation of Nature and Biodiversity (ENCNB).
Marine mammals
Since 1998, the Lisbon Zoo has been a founding member of Abrigos (“Shelters”) – Support Network for Marine Mammals –, in partnership with the ICNF - Institute for the Conservation of Nature and the Forest – and other national institutions. Its goal is to recover and, whenever possible, to rehabilitate marine mammals for their subsequent reintroduction in the natural environment. 
Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus)
The Project MOm (Monk Seal Monitoring), coordinated by The Hellenic Society for the Study and the Protection of the Mediterranean Monk Seal, has had the cooperation of the Lisbon Zoo since 2009, and its mission is to conserve this critically endangered species. This support to the Project MOm is a joint effort of institutional members of the European Association for Aquatic Mammals (EAAM), of which the Lisbon Zoo is a part.
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Zoo Imagem TAGS: rios , mares , e , oceanos , zoo , mundo , jardim , zoologico
DESCRIPTION: Nos rios, mares e oceanos podemos encontrar, entre outros, o golfinho-roaz e a foca-monge-do-mediterraneo.